- 1 Who were the first inhabitants of Easter Island?
- 2 Where did the original inhabitants of Easter Island come from?
- 3 What happened to the original inhabitants of Easter Island?
- 4 What civilization lived on Easter Island?
- 5 Are there any Easter Islanders left?
- 6 Who built the moai?
- 7 Who owns the Easter Islands?
- 8 Are the Rapa Nui still alive?
- 9 What caused the collapse of Easter Island?
- 10 Is Easter Island safe to visit?
- 11 How did the moai get buried?
- 12 Where did the rats come from and why did they have such a negative effect on the palm tree?
- 13 Why is Easter Island important today to Chilean culture?
- 14 What makes Easter Island so special?
- 15 What really happened on Easter Island?
Who were the first inhabitants of Easter Island?
The Austronesian Polynesians, who first settled the island, are likely to have arrived from the Marquesas Islands from the west. These settlers brought bananas, taro, sugarcane, and paper mulberry, as well as chickens and Polynesian rats. The island at one time supported a relatively advanced and complex civilization.
Where did the original inhabitants of Easter Island come from?
Linguists estimate Easter Island’s first inhabitants arrived around AD 400, and most agree that they came from East Polynesia. The archaeological record suggests a somewhat later date of settlement, between AD 700 and 800. As early as BC 5500 people in Melanesia were voyaging in boats and trading in obsidian.
What happened to the original inhabitants of Easter Island?
The island was victimized by blackbirding from 1862 to 1863, resulting in the abduction or killing of about 1,500, with 1,408 working as indentured servants in Peru. Only about a dozen eventually returned to Easter Island, but they brought smallpox, which decimated the remaining population of 1,500.
What civilization lived on Easter Island?
Archaeologists have long assumed that the ancient society that erected the colossal Moai figures on Chile’s Rapa Nui, better known as Easter Island, collapsed many centuries ago. Now, a new study indicates that the islanders’ civilization was still going strong when Europeans arrived in 1722.
Are there any Easter Islanders left?
The Rapa Nui are the indigenous Polynesian people of Easter Island. At the 2017 census there were 7,750 island inhabitants—almost all living in the village of Hanga Roa on the sheltered west coast.
Who built the moai?
The Moai are a collection of large monolithic statues built by the Rapa Nui people of Easter Island.
Who owns the Easter Islands?
Known as Rapa Nui to its earliest inhabitants, the island was christened Paaseiland, or Easter Island, by Dutch explorers in honor of the day of their arrival in 1722. It was annexed by Chile in the late 19th century and now maintains an economy based largely on tourism.
Are the Rapa Nui still alive?
Origins of the myth First of all, the Rapa Nui haven’t been wiped off the face of the Earth: the Rapa Nui people still make up over half the Polynesian population today. Their ancestors likely arrived on Easter Island, now part of Chile, roughly a millennium ago.
What caused the collapse of Easter Island?
Around 1200 A.D., their growing numbers and an obsession with building moai led to increased pressure on the environment. By the end of the 17th century, the Rapanui had deforested the island, triggering war, famine and cultural collapse.
Is Easter Island safe to visit?
According to the U.S. State Department, crime rates throughout Chile are fairly low. Most visitors to Easter Island travel through the capital city of Santiago which, like any big city, has a higher crime rate. Crime on Easter Island is infrequent, but it is always wise to keep an eye on your money.
How did the moai get buried?
The Moai monoliths, carved from stone found on the island, are between 1,100 and 1,500 CE. These events enveloped the statues and gradually buried them to their heads as the islands naturally weathered and eroded through the centuries.
Where did the rats come from and why did they have such a negative effect on the palm tree?
The number of palm trees decreases because of the increased number of rats that eats its fruits. Seed germination became frequently interfered because of this activity. However, the slow growth of palm trees was also blamed for the tree cutting off the people.
Why is Easter Island important today to Chilean culture?
Famous for the towering stone statues known as moai, the island of Rapa Nui holds immense cultural value to its native Rapa Nui clans, a society of Polynesian origin who arrived on the island around 400 A.D. With more than 100,000 visitors annually, tourism sustains the “Easter Island” economy—but management of tourism
What makes Easter Island so special?
Easter Island, Spanish Isla de Pascua, also called Rapa Nui, Chilean dependency in the eastern Pacific Ocean. It is the easternmost outpost of the Polynesian island world. It is famous for its giant stone statues.
What really happened on Easter Island?
According to Easter Island: The Truth Revealed, approximately 1,500 to 2,000 people – half the population – were taken in 1862 in a raid by slave traders from Peru to work there, predominately in agriculture. They brought disease with them and much of the remaining population was decimated.